Sleeve gastrectomy

Long-term Effects of Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy: What Are the Results Beyond 10 Years?

Purpose: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has become the most commonly performed bariatric procedure worldwide. Newer studies providing long-term follow-up show a high incidence of weight regain and a high incidence of reflux. The study’s objective was to present 5 to 15-year follow-up results regarding weight loss, comorbidities, reoperation rate, and a potential learning curve.

Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. Patients who underwent LSG between August 2004 and December 2014 were included.

Results: A total of 307 patients underwent LSG either as a primary bariatric procedure (n = 262) or as a redo operation after failed laparoscopic gastric banding (n = 45). 

Mean body mass index at the time of primary LSG was 46.4 ± 8.0 kg/m2, and mean age at operation was 43.7 ± 12.4 years with 68% females. Follow-up was 84% and 70% at 5 and 10 years, respectively. The mean percentage excess body mass index loss (%EBMIL) for primary LSG was 62.8 ± 23.1% after 5 years, 53.6 ± 24.6% after 10 years, and 51.2 ± 20.3% after 13 years. 

Comorbidities improved considerably (e.g., type 2 diabetes mellitus 61%), while the incidence of new-onset reflux was 32.4%. Reoperation after LSG was necessary in almost every fifth LSG-patient: 24 patients (7.8%) were reoperated due to insufficient weight loss, 12 patients (3.9%) due to reflux, 23 due to both (7.5%).

Conclusions: LSG provides a long-term %EBMIL from 51 to 54% beyond 10 years and a significant improvement of comorbidities. On the other hand, a high incidence of insufficient weight loss and de novo reflux was observed, leading to reoperation and conversion to a different anatomy in 19.2%.

Additional articles can be found here.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.

The reCAPTCHA verification period has expired. Please reload the page.

Back to top

Treba vam savet?

Tu sam da vam pomognem

Ukoliko imate pitanja ili želite da zakažete pregled možete da pozovete 064 500-4-300 ili danam pošaljete poruku ispod